DETAILED SYLLABUS FOR ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTSMAN GRADE I (KSHB/PWD) PUBLISHED BY KERALA PSC
DETAILED SYLLABUS FOR ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTSMAN GRADE I IN KERALA STATE HOUSING BOARD/ PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT (ARCHITECTURAL WING)
Category No. 145/2019 & 59/2021
Architectural Draftsman Grade I Exam Pattern
The Exam Pattern for the Architectural Draftsman Grade I in Kerala PSC is:
The medium of Question: English
Number of Questions: 100
Maximum Marks: 100
Exam Duration: 01 hours 30 minutes
The syllabus for the Architectural Draftsman Grade I in Kerala PSC is:
Elements and Principles of architecture
Architectural space and design methodology
Basics of drafting
Sustainable planning & Design
Theory of structures
History of architecture
Elements and Principles of Architecture – 10 Marks
Primary elements of design – point, line, plane and volume. Color – color wheel, color schemes. Texture – rough and smooth texture. Principles of composition – balance, rhythm, proportion, scale, contrast, unity and character.
Architectural space and design methodology – 10 Marks
Steps involved in architectural design process – program analysis, preliminary studies, intermediate studies and presentation drawings. Elements and factors of of climate, comfort factors. Positioning of doors and windows with respect to lighting and ventilation. Rules and regulations – NBC, KMBR and CRZ
Basics of Drafting – 10 Marks
Drafting instruments and media of presentations. Orthographic projection. Conventianla symbols and scales. Dimensioning and specification. Three dimensional views, rendering. Preparation of sanction Drawing. Cad system components – application of CAD in 2D and 3D drawings, Basics of 3D modelling.
Surveying – 10 Marks
Surveying instruments, Chain survey – operations involved in chain survey to make site plan, Plane table survey – advantages and dis advantages, Levelling – classification of levelling, Compute the reduced levels of station from field book, Theodolite surveying – horizontal angle measurement by repetition and reiteration method. Steps involved in setting out angles using a theodolite. Conduct traverse survey in the field using the theodolite. Compute the co-ordinates and Total Station.
Construction Materials – 10 Marks
Stone, clay, lime, cement, aggregates, concrete, wood and metals. Plastics, Rubber, Aluminum, Glass, Paints, Varnishes. Masonry, DPC, Plastering and pointing
Construction Technology – 10 Marks
Components of a building – Footing, basement, super structure. Lintels and arches. Types of roofs and ceiling. Sunshades, canopy and sun breakers. Staircase, lift, escalators and ramp. Structural systems – Load bearing and framed structures, singly reinforced beams, lintels, doubly reinforced beams and flanged beams, One way slab and two way slab, Cost effective technologies and methods in construction.
Sustainable Planning & Design – 10 Marks
Global environment and effects of climate change, principles of sustainability, Principles to improve the energy efficiency, Concept of green building – green building rating systems
Theory of Structures – 10 Marks
Forces and moments – Centre of gravity, Moment of inertia. Mechanical properties of materials – Temperature stresses, strain energy. Beams and bending – Torsion of circular shafts, Theory of simple bending.
History of Architecture – 10 Marks
Indian – Ancient Architecture – Indus valley civilization and vedic culture, Buddhist – stupa, stambha, chaitya halls and viharas – Hindu style – North Indian Temples, central Hindu temples & south Indian temples – Indo Islamic Architecture – Imperial and Mughal style, Kerala Architecture – Characteristic features and materials, typical layout of temple, types of traditional houses – Modern Architecture after Independence, Works of Laurie Baker, Charles Correa and B V Dhoshi. World Architecture – Works of masters in Architecture – Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier and Mies Van der Rohe, Works of modern architects – Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid
Construction Management – 10 Marks
Planning and scheduling of of construction projects – Application of project management tools, Purpose of preparing feasibility report and project report. Organizational structure of construction firms. Aspects of project execution – Types of tenders and contract, Methods of tendering, Agreement. Estimation – Types of estimates, Importance of supervision, material testing, measurements, various quality management systems. Basic principles of safety at construction site.
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